Topics: Uranium–lead dating - Wikipedia
Uranium–lead (U–Pb) dating is one of the oldest  and most refined of the radiometric dating schemes. It can be used to date rocks that formed from about 1 million years to over 4.5 billion years ago with routine precisions in the 0.1–1 percent range. 
The dating method is usually performed on the mineral zircon. The mineral incorporates uranium and thorium atoms into its crystal structure , but strongly rejects lead. Therefore, one can assume that the entire lead content of the zircon is radiogenic , i.e. it is produced solely by a process of radioactive decay after the formation of the mineral. Thus the current ratio of lead to uranium in the mineral can be used to determine its age.
The method relies on two separate decay chains , the uranium series from 238 U to 206 Pb, with a half-life of 4.47 billion years and the actinium series from 235 U to 207 Pb, with a half-life of 710 million years.