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Sukarno (born Kusno Sosrodihardjo ; Javanese : ꦯꦸꦏꦂꦤ ; 6 June 1901 – 21 June 1970) [2] was the first President of Indonesia , serving in office from 1945 to 1967.

The spelling Soekarno , based on Dutch orthography , is still frequently used, mainly because he signed his name in the old spelling. Sukarno himself insisted on a "u", not "oe", but said that he had been told in school to use the Dutch style. He said that it was too difficult to change his signature, so still wrote it with an "oe". [4] Official Indonesian presidential decrees from the period 1947–1968, however, printed his name using the 1947 spelling. The Soekarno–Hatta International Airport which serves near Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, still uses the Dutch spelling.

Indonesians also remember him as Bung Karno (Brother/Comrade Karno) or Pak Karno ("Mr. Karno"). [5] Like many Javanese people , he had only one name. [6] According to author Pramoedya Ananta Toer in several interviews, "bung" is an affectionate title meaning "friend" creatively used to be an alternative way of addressing person in equal manner, as an opposite word of old-form "tuan", "mas" or "bang".