Topics: Bloomfield hotel and Mountain lodge hotel in Baguio City, Philippines?
Baguio was established as a hill station by the Americans in 1900 at the site of an Ibaloi village known as Kafagway. It was the United States' only hill station in Asia.  The name of the city is derived from bagiw , the Ibaloi word for "moss".
During the Philippine Revolution in July 1899, Filipino revolutionary forces under Pedro Paterno liberated La Trinidad from the Spaniards and took over the government, proclaiming Benguet as a province of the new Republic of the Philippines . Baguio was converted into a "town", with Mateo Cariño being the presidente (mayor).  
When the United States occupied the Philippines after the Spanish–American War , Baguio was selected to become the summer capital of the Philippine Islands. Governor-General William Taft on his first visit in 1901, noted the "air as bracing as Adirondacks or Murray Bay . temperature this hottest month in the Philippines on my cottage porch at three in the afternoon sixty-eight."  : 317–319